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International Plant Genetic Resources Instit


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- 127 p.

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- 396 p.

The Global Plan of Action on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (GPA) adopted in Leipzig, Germany in June 1996, is probably the single most important milestone in achieving a global multilateral system for plant genetic resources. Throughout the preparatory process leading to the Leipzig Conference, government agencies, NGOs, international organizations and scientific institutions have invested much effort in making the GPA realistic and useful. In implementing the GPA, the European region has to face numerous challenges. The large number of very diverse countries, their high level of interdependence, and the heterogeneity of national needs and resources make Europe "a world in a region", a laboratory in which the lessons that are being learned are likely to be relevant for the rest of the world community. The European Symposium on PGRFA held in June 1998 in Braunschweig, Germany, was intended to be a forum for the exchange of experiences and ideas and an occasion to take stock of the implementation of the GPA at the national and regional levels. Reading these proceedings, we will no doubt agree that these goals were successfully reached. Initiatives such as the one taken here by European countries are essential if, as an international community, we want to advance towards the goals that we have set in Leipzig and give substance to the policy framework which is currently under negotiation.
The Global Plan of Action on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (GPA) adopted in Leipzig, Germany in June 1996, is probably the single most important milestone in achieving a global multilateral system for plant genetic resources. Throughout the preparatory process leading to the Leipzig Conference, government agencies, NGOs, international organizations and scientific institutions have invested much effort in making the GPA ...

Génétique ; Agriculture ; Alimentation

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- 227 p.
ISBN 92-9043-451-1

Génétique

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- 127 p.

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- 161 p.
ISBN 92-9043-633-6

Flore

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- 317 p.
ISBN 978-92-9043-697-3

Génétique ; Agriculture ; Union Européenne

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- 62 p.
ISBN 92-9043-403-1

In 1993, IPGRI published its first strategy as a new institute. The original Diversity for Development was written in the context of a world that had only come to grips with the connection between environment and development. The strategy described IPGRI's intention to concern itself primarily with what was, at that time, seen as one of the world's highest development priorities: the conservation of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture. It was impossible to predict in 1993 just how quickly things would change in the field of plant genetic conservation. It has led countries to re-examine their capacities to use, as well as to conserve, these resources. These international, national and institutional developments led IPGRI to re-examine and revise its strategy as the Institute prepared to celebrate its 25th anniversary in 1999. The outcome was a vision of the future that placed the use of genetic resources at the centre of rural development.
In 1993, IPGRI published its first strategy as a new institute. The original Diversity for Development was written in the context of a world that had only come to grips with the connection between environment and development. The strategy described IPGRI's intention to concern itself primarily with what was, at that time, seen as one of the world's highest development priorities: the conservation of plant genetic resources for food and ...

Génétique

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- 269 p.
ISBN 471-95545-0

Génétique

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- 299 p.
ISBN 9963-1-600-X

Flore

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- 214 p.
ISBN 92-9043-444-9

This technical bulletin reviews and synthesises participatory approaches and tools that are used when working with farmers and local communities in the conservation and use of plant genetic resources. It focuses on practical experiences of traditional farming communities in Asia, Africa and Latin America. The authors of the chapters are leading experts in the field representing community based organisations, NGOs, universities and agricultural research centres. This practical guide is organised in five sections. The first reviews cross-cutting issues such as gender, tools and techniques, and the role of institutions. The second covers farmers' access to genetic resources held ex situ. The third examines local plant genetic resources management and participatory crop improvement. The fourth section looks at community seed banks and local seed systems. The concluding section reviews factors that contribute to supportive policies and public awareness of local people's role in the conservation and use of agrobiodiversity. The book also contains a glossary of terms used in participatory work on plant genetic resources, and a comprehensive bibliography of important publications in this field.
This technical bulletin reviews and synthesises participatory approaches and tools that are used when working with farmers and local communities in the conservation and use of plant genetic resources. It focuses on practical experiences of traditional farming communities in Asia, Africa and Latin America. The authors of the chapters are leading experts in the field representing community based organisations, NGOs, universities and agricultural ...

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- 495 p.
ISBN 92-9043-428-7

This publication includes the papers presented during an international workshop held in Tsukuba, Japan in October, 1998 which was jointly organized by JIRCAS and IPGRI. This meeting aimed at assessing the state of the science, exploring cryopreservation applications, examining outstanding problems and identifying priority areas for collaborative research, technology development, transfer and application. The resulting volume is a synthesis of new and original information in the area of cryopreservation of tropical plant germplasm.
This publication includes the papers presented during an international workshop held in Tsukuba, Japan in October, 1998 which was jointly organized by JIRCAS and IPGRI. This meeting aimed at assessing the state of the science, exploring cryopreservation applications, examining outstanding problems and identifying priority areas for collaborative research, technology development, transfer and application. The resulting volume is a synthesis of ...

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- 480 p.
ISBN 9780851994116

Génétique

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- 119 p.
ISBN 92-9043-650-6

La domestication des ignames sauvages est encore largement pratiquée en Afrique de l'Ouest. Sur le plan mondial, c'est une des rares opportunités subsistantes pour comprendre comment un savoir empirique, détenu par les paysans, tire parti des ressources génétiques de plantes sauvages afin d'en faire des produits adaptés à l'agriculture. Jusqu'à un passé récent, ce processus organisateur et créateur de biodiversité est resté peu étudié, voire même ignoré, des agronomes et des sélectionneurs travaillant sur les ignames. L'ambition de ce livre est de combler cette lacune en rassemblant les connaissances disponibles. Le sujet est original et riche en perspectives d'avancées scientifiques, à un moment où les scientifiques prennent conscience do potentiel de progrès technique et d'adaptation aux changements environnementaux que recèlent les savoirs et les pratiques paysans relatifs à la gestion des ressources génétiques. L'ouvrage est volontairement limité à la domestication conduisant aux ignames Dioscorea rotundata, de loin les plus cultivées en Afrique de l'Ouest et sur la planète. Toutefois, cette igname et ses parents sauvages posent des difficultés de taxonomie et d'identité botanique dont la clarification est indispensable avant d'accéder au thème de la domestication. Cette contrainte a conduit les auteurs à consacrer plusieurs chapitres à la biodiversité des ignames Dioscorea rotundata et à celle des formes sauvages dont elles dérivent. L'ouvrage s'achève par la formulation d'hypothèses pouvant expliquer les transformations phénotypiques provoquées par les pratiques de domestication et leur maintien par multiplication végétative. Ces hypothèses demandent encore à être évaluées par la recherche et sont des thèmes d'étude potentiels, notamment pour les généticiens. Certaines sont d'ailleurs déjà en cours de vérification avec les techniques de marquage moléculaire les plus récentes, mises en oeuvre par des equipes associant des chercheurs du Nord et du Sud. (Résumé d'auteur)
La domestication des ignames sauvages est encore largement pratiquée en Afrique de l'Ouest. Sur le plan mondial, c'est une des rares opportunités subsistantes pour comprendre comment un savoir empirique, détenu par les paysans, tire parti des ressources génétiques de plantes sauvages afin d'en faire des produits adaptés à l'agriculture. Jusqu'à un passé récent, ce processus organisateur et créateur de biodiversité est resté peu étudié, voire ...

Continent Africain ; Génétique

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